Current Price: $37.55
Offer Price: $39.47-$43.22
Expected Closing: Q2 2021
This is a tiny (<$20m) ex-mutual bank acquisition by a credit union. On the 27th of October, Edgewater Bancorp agreed to combine with United Federal Credit Union (private). Consideration is estimated at $39.47 to $43.22 per each EGDW share in cash. Target's shareholder approval is acquired, but given a considerable 1.6x-1.75x BV multiple it seems that the approval shouldn't be a problem. The timeline is quite extended - closing is expected only in Q2 2020, while cash distribution will occur within 150 days after completing the merger.
Since 2018 EGDW no longer files with SEC. The available information is somewhat limited and proxy has not been released yet. EGDW used to be quite illiquid, but since the announcement volume has been elevated - about $600k daily average over the last 8 days.
Aside from the prolonged timeline, part of the spread can be explained by uncertainty regarding the merger consideration amount (estimated at $39.47 to $43.22 per share) which will depend on several aspects:
EGDW equity at closing;
Cash held by EGDW at closing;
- Future operating results;
- Liquidation costs (UFCU will acquire the assets of EGDW, with the proceeds then distributed to target's shareholders).
- The amount of corporate-level taxation of such transaction
- The treatment of costs associated with the liquidation account. Before 2014 EGDW was a mutual bank. After conversion to a commercial bank, liquidation account was created for the legacy depositors. Liquidation account represents the potential interest of eligible account holders and supplemental eligible account holders in the mutual holding company's net worth at the time of conversion (source). PR states that the company expects to fully pay-off the liquidation account (so the given merger consideration range should already reflect that): "It is anticipated that Edgewater Bank will pay out the balance of this liquidation account to the holders of sub-accounts therein in connection with the Liquidation.".
None of the aspects were explained in more detail by the companies so far, however, given a very stable and COVID resistant performance of EGDW, as well as quite safe and secure composition of its loan portfolio, it seems that the first three aspects shouldn't make any negative impact on the consideration going forwards. Whereas, the impact of variation in liquidation costs, taxes, and costs related to liquidation account should be minor.
Moreover, EGDW transaction is very similar to the other two ex-mutual bank acquisitions (WEIN and BFFI), both of which were pioneer examples of ex-mutual bank mergers with the credit union and had very similar uncertainties (and available information) regarding the final merger consideration and treatment of liquidation account. Both cases closed successfully this year (more info below) with the final price settling at a higher limit for WEIN and lower for BFFI (although the reason for this difference is not clear). So overall, it seems fair to assume that EGDW consideration also won't fall below the price range.
Due to a large premium, the downside to pre-announcement is quite significant at 38%.
This year we've already had two very similar transactions:
- West End Indiana Bancshares - announced in August'19 with consideration range of $34.91 to $36.81. Shareholder approval was received and the merger closed successfully in 10 months. Final price was set at $36.69 (upper limit) and payment was distributed 4 months after the closing. The liquidation account was paid out to depositors.
- Ben Franklin Bank - announced in July'19 with consideration ranging from $10.33 to $10.70. Closed successfully in 9.5 months. The final price was set at $10.35 (lower range) and paid out over the next 5.5 months.
EGDW is a holding company for Edgewater bank, which has 7 branches in Michigan. Total bank assets stand at $250m.
Despite its size, EGDW is performing rather well and saw minimal impact from COVID.
- 73% - real estate (residential 1-4 family, commercial real estate, and construction/land dev.). Assets are secured by real estate properties;
- 15% - Commercial and industrial (working capital needs, equipment, expansions);
- 10% - warehouse;
- 3% - consumer. Secured by consumer assets such as automobiles and other personal property.
So the offer comes at a very considerable premium to book value and is also above the peer average multiple (about 1.40x) pre-COVID outbreak.
However, the premium can likely be justified by good performance and COVID-resistance of the bank. In Q1'20 it had only $30k of loan loss provisions (on $152m total loans), in Q2 - $85k (vs $45k YoY) and in Q3 - $195k (vs. $90k YoY). Besides that, in 2020 the book value continued to grow steadily, while ROE was virtually unimpacted as well.
United Federal Credit Union
UFCU has 35 branches with 14 of them in Michigan (6 are in Berrien country, so geographic rationale is there). The asset size is $3.2bn.
The credit union offers a diverse array of traditional banking products and services for businesses and individuals.
Apparently, this merger will be the first for the buyer.