Palomar Holdings (PLMR) – Short on Earnings – 40% Upside

Current Price: $111.82

Target Price: $100

Upside: 10% (+40% eventually realized)

Expiration Date: 16th-17th February 2021

This idea was shared by Alan.


This is a quick and fairly speculative short idea with an upcoming catalyst in 1-2 days. For background on the company please refer to the short thesis published on VIC a year ago.

PLMR is an extremely overvalued insurer, which currently trades very close to an all-time high price and extreme 8x BV / 150x TTM earnings valuation. The company has reported significant (almost equal to the net premiums earned) catastrophe losses in Q3’20. The results were followed by a strong sell-off in shares (-30%). Estimated cat. losses for Q4 are also very sizeable (around 40% of the usual net earned premium per quarter) and I expect Q4 results announcement to trigger a similar sell-off. The earnings should be released in the upcoming days (16th-18th Feb). Q4 estimated cat. losses are smaller than in Q3 and therefore share price reaction might be more muted. However, there are a few other aspects that further support the overall thesis – slow down in growth and regulators putting a stop on PLMR’s camouflaging of poor results.

There is also a chance that similarly to Q3 price reaction, the sell-off could translate into a downtrend/extended decline. The stock is already wildly overvalued and it is only a matter of time until the market realizes that – the upcoming results could act as a major catalyst in that direction. However, as the saying goes – markets can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent. This is especially true in today’s environment. Thus, my bet is on a short-term (1-3 days) share price slump only.

The biggest risk is that for some reason Q4 results will trigger an opposite price reaction and PLMR stock will jump up. However, the share price is already above the level when the estimated cat. losses for Q4 were announced (4th of February). Moreover, PLMR is now trading close to an all-time high price with absurd valuation multiples. Therefore, even in the worst-case scenario, the downside should be limited.

Worth noting that Genstar Capital, which took PLMR public in 2019, completely sold its 36% stake during 2020 (at around $50-$60/share). Insiders owned 1.9m shares (7.7% of outstanding) as of April’20 and were also selling in relatively large amounts throughout 2020/2021 (250k shares in total since April’20 at $50-$110+/share range).

1m shares are available for borrow on IB, at a 0.3% annual fee rate.


Quick background

PLMR is an insurer focusing on earthquake and specialty homeowners insurance. Underwriting segments include:

  • Residential/commercial earthquake – 57% of GWP;
  • Specialty homeowners – 17%. Covers wind risk for homeowners in wind-exposed coastal areas;
  • Commercial All Risk – 12%. Covers fire & wind (hurricanes) damage;
  • Other – 14%.

The company IPOed in April 2019 at $15/share.

Over the last two years, due to a variety of reasons, PLMR share price has skyrocketed tenfold reaching an unbelievable 8x BV and 150x TTM earnings valuation. The reasons include a rather quick topline growth as well as highly promotional investor communication. PLMR management is selling to investors a completely ungrounded competitive advantage story using creative accounting (aggressive adjustments to bump earnings) and promotional/vivid language in their PRs. The company has even created its own non-GAAP valuation metric – adjusted EPS ex. catastrophe losses. The whole thing is apparently loved by Wallstreet analysts, who continue to pump the company issuing bullish reports based on creative new metrics (EV/gross written premiums, etc.). Overall, this valuation bubble should eventually burst. A solid and detailed valuation short thesis has already been presented in the VIC article mentioned above (March’20). However, over the last year PLMR price continued to increase even further from 5x BV to the current 8x BV. It is difficult to explain such multiple expansion – it might have been caused by massive money inflows into various funds and ETFs since the start of the pandemic (PLMR is a constitute in several fairly large indexes, e.g. Russell 2000, S&P 600, etc.) as well as retail investor inclination towards growth story stocks.

Historical performance:

PLMR table 1


PLMR price action on Q3 results announcement

The sour fruits of management’s focus on an aggressive expansion and deceptive claims (underwriting edge based on superior tech platform) started emerging in Q3 2020. The company reported very sizeable catastrophe losses related to 4 hurricanes in Q3’20 – $36.5m vs $42m of net earned premiums in the same quarter. These losses used to be almost non-existent (see the table above) and materialized as a result of expansion into specialty homeowners and commercial all-in segments (outside of the management’s core competence, earthquakes). The announcements were followed by quite interesting price action:

  • On the 6th of October, the company issued a press release stating a range of catastrophe losses from $34m to $36.5m net of reinsurance. PLMR price fell 20% on the news and continued to fall for a few subsequent days as well.
  • By the time of the actual Q3 results announcement, the stock has recovered most of the previous drawback. However, when the Q3 press release came out on the 10th of November, PLMR price went into a downtrend again, as if the market had in some way miraculously forgotten the previous announcement and was surprised by these losses for the second time. Share price declined 12% (from $98.5/share to $86.9/share) on the announcement day and then continued to fall for the rest of the month to $65.9/share resulting in total 33% declined since the announcement of Q3 results.
  • As can be seen from the chart below these share price swings were PLMR specific and not related to broader insurance industry moves.



Further events:

  • Then on the 7th of December, PLMR has issued another very promotional company presentation, emphasizing “great” performance through their newly invented metrics (EPS and ROE ex. cat losses) and also noting the intention to exit commercial all risk and specialty homeowners segment in the upcoming year (2021). The stock bounced back and then skyrocketed to the current levels. Specialty homeowners and commercial all risk segments generate 29% of the total PLMR GWP and attributed 41% of the total growth in 9 months 2020. The exit should make a substantial impact on the further growth of PLMR.
  • On the 4th of February’21, PLMR issued a new press release with estimated catastrophe losses of $15m-$16.5m net of reinsurance. The share price fell 5% on the announcement day and then another 5% on the following day, but since then it has recovered and now trades above the pre-announcement price.

plmr 3



Upcoming Q4 result release

The press release with Q4 results with high catastrophe losses and exit from some of the businesses are going to be issued this week (most likely on Wednesday/Thursday). I expect the announcement will be followed by a slump in share price and likely a larger one than on the 4th of February. The idea of betting on the assumption that the recently announced losses are not already priced-in and will surprise the market is a bit speculative. However, Q3 situation showed that such an outcome is very possible. Given that a substantial amount of PLMR investors are growth story chasers/momentum investors, I highly doubt that many of them read all press releases other than the result announcements. Moreover, various algo traders/quants might be also picking up the new data only from the quarterly performance releases (same thing probably happened with Q3 results).

Other than that, it is very likely that Q4 performance will be poor and trigger the sell-off. Aside from the $15-$16.5m cat. losses the company has started exiting its 2nd and 3rd largest business segments (29% of GWP combined), which will likely be reflected in lower growth (it has already slowed down in Q3). Moreover, the company will no longer be able to camouflage their performance with the nonsensical ex. catastrophe losses metrics. This “invention” has actually received attention from the SEC, which on the 21st of Dec, issued a letter to PLMR forbidding it to exclude cat. losses from the non-GAAP metrics. This should also play a part in laying bare the lackluster results. From the letter:

Please represent to us that you will not present your non-GAAP performance measure, adjusted net income excluding catastrophe losses, in your future annual or quarterly reports, earnings releases and/or any other material provided on your website or otherwise. In this regard, we note that you are in the business of writing insurance policies that specifically cover the catastrophe losses you remove in this non-GAAP performance measure and that these claims are normal, recurring cash operating expenses.

And with all that, keep in mind that PLMR already trades at 8x BV and is close to an all-time high price.


8 thoughts on “Palomar Holdings (PLMR) – Short on Earnings – 40% Upside”

  1. Earnings are going to be released pre-market Feb 16. The markets are closed today (15th). How does one complete this trade?

    • I have not seen any announcement that results will be released pre-market on the 16th (please share if you have). Last year if I recall correctly it was on the 18th.

      We posted this assuming there is some time left for the trade. However, if you are correct, then the write-up was posted too late.

  2. Price now about $101 at 11am, practically reaching price target per write-up in 1.5 trading days, even without the earning release yet.

  3. After the market close yesterday, PLMR earnings came out even worse than I expected. The company still managed to expand the business YoY – Q4 GWP increased 31% – however, the increased cost of reinsurance is starting to get noticeable – net earned premiums actually fell 3.5% YoY. Overall revenue growth has noticeably slowed down in the second half of 2020, likely impacted by the exit from commercial risk/homeowners segments: Q4 revenues decreased by 8% QoQ and Q3 by 1% QoQ.

    Catastrophe losses hit hard. Total losses were somewhat higher than pre-announced by management – $17.2m, which resulted in Q4 loss ratio was 44.2%, combined ratio – 68.6% and an overall net loss of $1.9m. Interestingly, despite the warnings from SEC, the company has still managed to report its nonsensical adjusted ratios ex. catastrophe losses – albeit they have not used the specific “Adjusted net income excluding catastrophe losses”

    BV growth has also slowed down – $14.24/share as of Dec’20.

    So the thesis has played out beautifully so far and as PLMR is still trading at absurd 6.4xBV, I expect further sell-off today and in the upcoming days.–Full-Year-2020-Results/default.aspx

  4. I have closed my PLMR short with 40% return in less than 2 months. There is probably more money to be made here on the short side (PLMR is still at 5xBV), but the thesis laid out above has played out and did it much better and faster than I expected. Hope other members had a chance to profit from this case as well.

    Also on the news – just yesterday PLMR announced a ‘symbolic’ buyback program for 2% of shares – not even sure how to read this one. If management actually starts to repurchase shares at anywhere close to current valuation, then IMHO these guys are simply dumb. But, I do not think they will do this as it would signal the market that PLMR has no better opportunities to deploy capital than buying back its own expensive currency. In this way kind of destroying the whole PLMR growth story on which the stock still seems to be holding on. Probably the purpose of this announcement was simply to stop the fall in the share price, but it seems to have had limited impact so far.


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